Дата: Понедельник, 06 Января 2020, 16.35.51 | Сообщение # 1
TRIALS OF WAR CRIMINALS BEFORE THE NUERNBERG MILITARY TRIBUNALS UNDER CONTROL COUNCIL LAW No. 10 NUERNBERG OCTOBER 1946-APRIL 1949 VOLUME X UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON : 1951 r sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U. S. Government Printing Office, Washington 25, D. C. TRANSLATION OF DOCUMENT 888-PS PROSECUTION EXHIBIT 1248 LETTER FROM PRISONER-OF-WAR DEPARTMENT, OKW, 16 JUNE 1941, CONCERNING PW MATTERS FOR CASE BARBAROSSA Top Secret [Stamp] Matter for Chiefs Through officer only High Command of the Armed Forces Prisoner-of-War Department No. 26/41, Top Secret Matter for Chiefs 10 copies—third copy [Stamp] [Handwritten] OKW/Armed Forces Opera- 1. Employment in labor tions Staff/Dept. National service in the “Bar- Defense (Kurst) barossa” area? 18 June 1941 2. Prisoners in allied coun- No. 471024/41 Top Secret tries ? [Initial] W [Warlimont] [Initial] [Initials] v.T. [VON TIPPELSKIRCH] 19 June Berlin, 16 June 1941 Subject: Prisoner-of-War matters for Case “Barbarossa” I. Organization The responsibility for PW matters in Case Barbarossa covers— for High Command of the Army, for the zone of operations and the area of the German Army Mission to Rumania (see plan of the organization, end. 1), for OKW/General Armed Forces Office, the home territory including the Government General. The OKW/General Armed Forces Office has arranged— a. In the Government General and in Military District I, a PW home organization to take over and take care of the PW’s removed from the zone of operations, and b. Camps in the rest of the Reich territory to take PW’s from operation Barbarossa separated from all other PW’s. To a above—The home organization includes the Government General and Military District I and is subordinate to the Com- mander of PW’s for Special Missions in the Government General, 1007 Major General Herrgott, and the Commander of PW’s, Brigadier General von Hindenburg in Military District I. To the Commander of the PW’s are attached 3 PW district commanders and 6 permanent PW camp commanders; to the Commander of PW’s in Military District I, 7 officers PW camp [Oflag] headquarters with permanent PW camp [Stalag] duties are attached, as well as a permanent PW camp headquarters organization (see enclosure 2). The two commanders of PW’s set up from the camps under their command a PW reception center directly at the border of territory of interest to Germany, which takes the PW’s from the field army and sends them to the PW home organization. Position of the PW reception centers of the camps see en- closure 3. PW’s are handed over at the beginning of the operations directly by the armies; as operations progress by the security divisions which are between the front lines and the home terri- tory in the army group rear area. In order to ensure a smooth transfer of the PW’s in the operations area to the home territory, liaison officers are furnished to the armies by the OKW. (For regulations, see end. 4.) The PW liaison officers are set up by the Commanders of the PW’s for each army whose territory adjoins the area of juris- diction of the appropriate commander. They are to be equipped by the commanders of the PW’s with a car each. It is intended to establish armed forces commanders later in the course of operations for the occupied territories, and a commander of PW’s will be assigned to them. The organization and field of duties of the commander of PW’s will be prescribed in due time. To b above—In the military districts of the remaining terri- tories of the Reich the following PW camps will be set up: Military District Permanent PW Camp No. Location A ccommodation capacity II 313 Hammerstein 30,000 II 315 Hammerstein 30,000 II 302 Gr. Born 50,000 II 323 Gr. Born 30,000 IV 329 Zeithain 50,000 IV 304 Zeithain 50,000 VI 326 Senne 50,000 VI 328 Senne 50,000 VIII 318 Lamsdorf 30,000 VIII 308 Neuhammer 50,000 VIII Officers PW Camp 58 Neuhammer 50,000 X 310 Munster 50,000 XI 311 Bergen 20,000 1008 XI 321 Bergen 30,000 XI Bergen 50,000 XI 306 Altengrabow 30,000 XX 312 Thorn 50,000 XXI 301 Sieradz 50,000 IV 303 Koenigsbrueck 40,000 790,000 These camps will be subordinated to the Commanders of PW’s in the military districts. The date for the camps to be able to receive prisoners will be announced. Additional camps, “Rembertow” and “Mitte” are planned in the Government General. As to their employment, channel of command, etc., a special order will follow. II. Removal of the Prisoners of War a. From the field armies to the organization in the homeland. From the prisoners taken, one part will be detained by the field armies for their own requirements for labor, and formed into labor companies (road and bridge building, cleaning up work, land exploitation, etc.) The PW’s not required for this will be removed to the PW organization in the homeland. Labor allocation within the field armies will be carried out by the troops as well as by the transit camps of the Security Divisions in the Army Group Rear Area. (See end. 1.) The captured leaders (officers and non- commissioned officers) will be separated at the earliest opportunity by the field armies and removed to PW organizations in the home- land. The separation of captured leaders from the other PW’s must also be strictly adhered to in PW organizations in the home- land. b. From PW organizations in the homeland to the camps in the military districts. The Commanders of PW’s for Special Mis- sions and I have to keep the PW quarters filled to their utmost limit of capacity. In determining the accommodation capacity, the possibility of preventing mass escapes and mutiny, as well as the possibility of providing sufficient sanitary care (danger of epidemics) is to be taken into consideration. Removal of PW’s to camps in the Reich can only be undertaken on special orders from the OKW. III. Treatment of PW’s Bolshevism is the deadly enemy of National Socialist Germany! Extreme reserve and closest vigilance must therefore be observed 1009 toward Red army PW’s. Treacherous behavior, especially from Asiatic PW’s, is to be expected. Hence, ruthless and energetic measures must be used at the slightest sign of resistance, espe- cially against Bolshevist agitators. Complete elimination of any active or passive resistance! Any contact between the PW’s and the civilian population or the guards must be emphatically stop- ped. The enemy has not recognized the agreement concerning the treatment of PW’s of 27 July 1929. In spite of this, this agreement forms the basis for the treatment of PW’s. The following exceptions are ordered: 1. No labor employment of PW’s within economy, only for the immediate requirements of the troops. Employment only by the column under strictest custody. 2. No payment for work done. No pay for officers and medical personnel. 3. No confiscation of personal money and valuables. Where the presence of large sums of money arouses suspicion of punish- able acts or other illegal acquisitions (distribution of army money), confiscation of this money, as captured money, without receipt and safekeeping, will take place. 4. Reporting of PW’s to the Army Information Office is not necessary. 5. The index cards I and II according to Army Regulations [manual] 38/5 are not to be used. With regard to the keeping of special card files as a substitute for keeping lists, a special order will be issued. 6. Clothing and equipment, especially kitchen equipment (army kitchens), table ware, tents, etc., are to be allowed for the PW’s with the exception of arms, and given to them when sent to camps in the Reich. 7. A special order will be issued pertaining to the feeding of PW’s. Until this decree is issued, regulations for PW’s are in force. 8. The regulations concerning “relations of the PW to the outside world” (Protecting Power, relief organizations, etc.) are not applied. 9. Spokesmen, according to Army Regulation 38/5, Art. 43, are not to be appointed by the PW’s. 10. Court proceedings against PW’s are not subject to the limitations prescribed in the agreement (participation of the Protecting Power, suspension of the death sentence, etc.). Strictest discipline must be observed in the camps. In order to 1010 assist the guards, reliable PW’s are to be selected as camp police. In addition, for security reasons, the counterintelligence will work extensively with spokesmen. IV. Treatment of the Minorities Immediately after arrival of the PW’s in the permanent PW camps of the organization in the homeland, they are to be sep- arated according to their ethnic classification. For the time being the following members of ethnic groups will be taken into consideration: Ethnic Germans, Ukrainians, White Russians, Poles, Lithuanians, Latvians, Estonians, Rumanians, Finns. In case a further subdivision according to ethnic groups is necessary, further orders will be issued. The Chief of the OKW BY ORDER: [Illegible signature] Distribution: Commander of PW’s for Special Missions Major General Herrgott, Kielce, 1st copy Commander of PW’s in Military District I Brigadier General von Hindenburg, 2d copy For information to— OKW/Armed Forces Operations Staff/ National Defense, 3d copy OKW/Foreign Counterintelligence III, 4th copy OKW/General Armed Forces Office/PW’s, 5th, 6th copies High Command of the Army/Generalquartiermeister conjointly with Mil. Commander in the Government General, 7th, 8th copies High Command of the Army/Medical Inspector, 9th copy High Command of the Army/Chief of Army Armament and Commander of the Replacement Army, General Army Office, 10th copy * Complete testimony is recorded in mimeographed transcript, 12-16 April 1948, pp. 1817- 1864; 1867—2155. Lengthy extracts from his testimony have been reproduced hereinbefore concerning many topics in various sections. See index of testimony. 1011 https://archive.org/details....n3 Будьте здоровы!